A rigorous and innovative approach for integrating environmental policies and fiscal reform for the U.S. economy.
Energy utilization, especially from fossil fuels, creates hidden costs in the form of pollution and environmental damages. The costs are well documented but are hidden in the sense that they occur outside the market, are not reflected in market prices, and are not taken into account by energy users. Double Dividend presents a novel method for designing environmental taxes that correct market prices so that they reflect the true cost of energy. The resulting revenue can be used in reducing the burden of the overall tax system and improving the performance of the economy, creating the double dividend of the title.
The authors simulate the impact of environmental taxes on the U.S. economy using their Intertemporal General Equilibrium Model (IGEM). This highly innovative model incorporates expectations about future prices and policies. The model is estimated econometrically from an extensive 50-year dataset to incorporate the heterogeneity of producers and consumers. This approach generates confidence intervals for the outcomes of changes in economic policies, a new feature for models used in analyzing energy and environmental policies. These outcomes include the welfare impacts on individual households, distinguished by demographic characteristics, and for society as a whole, decomposed between efficiency and equity.
Автор: Scheve, Kenneth F., Название: Taxing the rich : ISBN: 0691165459 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780691165455 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 19800 T Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ. Описание: In today`s social climate of acknowledged and growing inequality, why are there not greater efforts to tax the rich? In this wide-ranging and provocative book, Kenneth Scheve and David Stasavage ask when and why countries tax their wealthiest citizens--and their answers may surprise you. Taxing the Rich draws on unparalleled evidence from twenty c
Автор: Arthur O`Sullivan Название: Property Taxes and Tax Revolts ISBN: 0521035996 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521035996 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 21380 T Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ. Описание: Property tax revolts have occurred both in the United States and elsewhere. This book examines the causes and consequences of property tax revolts, focusing on California`s experience with Proposition 13. The book includes a comparative study of the evolution of local government following property tax limitations in several states.
Автор: Le Bodo Название: Taxing Soda for Public Health ISBN: 3319336479 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783319336473 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 83850 T Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ. Описание: This timely reference analyzes the rationale, impact, and feasibility of taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) as a public health measure to contribute curbing obesity and diabetes rates, specifically in Canada. It presents the pros and cons of taxing soda, with the latest data on adverse health effects of its consumption, plus the various business and political issues surrounding the contentious proposition. Reviewed research is multidisciplinary, spanning health and medicine to ethics, economics, and law. Conclusions and caveats are clear and presented at a comfort level for the general reader. The result is a blueprint for analyzing the relevancy of taxes on sweetened soft drinks or other low-nutrition food products, plus a trove of valuable insights into aspects of government decision-making and consumer food behavior.Included in the coverage:· Reasons for specifically targeting SSBs· SSB taxation as a public health policy instrument· Effects of SSB taxation on energy intakes and population health· Potential undesirable effects relating to SSB taxation· Social and political acceptability of SSB taxation· Evaluability of SSB taxationTaxing Soda for Public Health will interest policymakers, public health professionals, advocacy groups, and researchers at the Canadian and international levels (e.g., in areas such as public health, nutrition, food and health policies, health economics, and evaluation), as well as students and all other parties interested in nutrition policies.
A surprising and revealing look at what Americans really believe about taxes
Conventional wisdom holds that Americans hate taxes. But the conventional wisdom is wrong. Bringing together national survey data with in-depth interviews, Read My Lips presents a surprising picture of tax attitudes in the United States. Vanessa Williamson demonstrates that Americans view taxpaying as a civic responsibility and a moral obligation. But they worry that others are shirking their duties, in part because the experience of taxpaying misleads Americans about who pays taxes and how much. Perceived "loopholes" convince many income tax filers that a flat tax might actually raise taxes on the rich, and the relative invisibility of the sales and payroll taxes encourages many to underestimate the sizable tax contributions made by poor and working people.
Americans see being a taxpayer as a role worthy of pride and respect, a sign that one is a contributing member of the community and the nation. For this reason, the belief that many Americans are not paying their share is deeply corrosive to the social fabric. The widespread misperception that immigrants, the poor, and working-class families pay little or no taxes substantially reduces public support for progressive spending programs and undercuts the political standing of low-income people. At the same time, the belief that the wealthy pay less than their share diminishes confidence that the political process represents most people.
Upending the idea of Americans as knee-jerk opponents of taxes, Read My Lips examines American taxpaying as an act of political faith. Ironically, the depth of the American civic commitment to taxpaying makes the failures of the tax system, perceived and real, especially potent frustrations.
Автор: Piga Gustavo, Castellucci Laura, Markandya Anil Название: Environmental Taxes and Fiscal Reform ISBN: 0230392393 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780230392397 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 62890 T Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ. Описание: A review of the literature on environmental taxes, focusing on European experiences, and analysing how such taxes can contribute to green causes as well as reducing the tax burden from "ordinary" taxation. The authors examine the potential `double dividend` from tax reform for helping the environment, reducing unemployment and encouraging growth.
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